Garry Garrard was visiting St Mary’s Church in Saffron Walden, Essex, when he ‘discovered’ the organ that Edward FitzGerald had in his home in Woodbridge. Here is his report.
On the back of the small organ is the following caption. ‘This organ was built by Bevington around 1870 for Edward FitzGerald of Woodbridge (famous for originally translating the Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam). Following his death it was moved to Woodbridge Roman Catholic Church where it accompanied weekly services until 2000 when it was moved (here) to St. Mary’s, Saffron Walden. It is on loan to the church and is jointly owned by Andrew Malcolm and Peter De Vile.’
Thomas Wright, one of FitzGerald’s earliest biographers, describes ‘…an organ on which he often played, always from memory, songs from old operas and glees – little pieces from Handel or Mozart. “We often”, says one of [the boys who read to FitzGerald] “passed an hour in that way, especially in the summer twilights, instead of with books.” It was a kind of David’s harp to him – driving away melancholy. “He could get,” says Archdeacon Groome, “such full harmonies out of it as did good to the listener.” ‘
The pictures below show the organ as it is now and a cartoon image of FitzGerald playing the organ, drawn by his friend Charles Keene.
The specification for the organ is: open diapason 8; stopped diapason treble 8; stopped diapason bass 8; dulciana 8; principal 4; flute 2. Bevington and Sons, Organ Builders, was based in Rose Yard, Rose Court, in London, but later moved to Greek Street, Soho. It was started in 1794 by Henry Bevington, who had been apprenticed to Ohrmann and Nutt, successors to the famous Snetzler. In 1851 the firm employed 8 men, 3 boys and 1 apprentice. Bevingtons was severely damaged during the ‘blitz’ of 1941, and was bought by the organ firm of Hill, Norman & Beard in 1950.
The organs of St. Martin’s in the Fields, St Paul’s Church Covent Garden, the Foundling Hospital, St Canice’s Cathedral, Kilkenny, and St. Patrick’s Cathedral, Dublin, were also built by Bevington & Sons, as well as those in many provincial churches and even private homes! There is a renowned (and untouched) Bevington organ in St. Mary’s Church, Rock Gardens, Brighton. A Bevington organ was installed in the Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst in 1878/9.
Benny Thomas is an architect, author, artist, and epigramist based in the Netherlands. For several years he has been working on a new English version, with illustrations, of quatrains from the Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam. This work has now been published in a variety of forms. There is an e-book with illustrations, a paperback with illustrations, and a cheaper paperback without illustrations.
More details on the e-book are available on http://www.lulu.com/shop/benny-thomas/the-illustrated-omar-khayyam/ebook/product-21799421.html, with links to the other formats. All formats contain some 260 quatrains, plus a foreword by Prof. Mehdi Aminrazavi, the author of The Wine of Wisdom. There is also an introduction by the author explaining his approach to Khayyam’s verses.
As the foreword concludes ‘For those interested in a mystical reading of Khayyām’s quatrains, this collection of poems provides an invaluable insight.’ There is further information about the translation and illustrations on Benny Thomas’ blog http://omarikhayyamdotcom.wordpress.com/
On the website of KGOU, a public radio station, licensed to the University of Oklahoma, you can listen to an interview with Austin O’Mally, classical Persian scholar and Ph.D. candidate at the University of Chicago. O’Malley says he was drawn to ancient Persian poetry because of the accessibility of the language. The interview is about ancient Persian poetry, more particularly on Khayyám and Rumi, and their influence on modern culture. There is also a full transcript of the interview.
Go to the KGOU website.
In Church Times, the world’s leading Anglican newspaper, there is a column by Ronald Blythe called “Word from Wormingford”. Blythe told his young neighbours that he once lived near Boulge, the Suffolk village where Edward FitzGerald translated The Rubáiyát of Omar Khayyám. They had driven to his grave and recited what was once one of the most popular poems in the English language, and now he ponders on this meeting with these young boys ….
Read the column
French historian Jean Stouff, librarian at he University of Tours, published a list of Omar’s illustrators on his website: Les illustrateurs des Robâiyât d’Omar Khayyâm. Here we find the names and (a selection of) illustrations of Thomas Heath and Charles Robinson, Balfour, Pogány, Bull, Fish, Palmer, Buckland Wright and many others. Short biographical notes are also provided.
Payvand Iran News reports of a statue of Omar Khayyám to be installed in Manhattan, New York City. The statue is a work by the Iranian sculptor Hossein Fakhimi, who also carved two copies from stones mined in Iran, to be installed in Florence, Italy, and in Tehran, Iran. Read more …
Thanks to Bob Forrest for this note about another unusual aspect of Rubaiyat publishing. Bob is also in need of further informationon this subject.. If you can help to answer any of his questions, set out below, please post a comment and/or contact Bob via his website http://bobforrestweb.co.uk/
Though it does not say so on the cards themselves, the (undated) “Clarion” series of Omar Khayyam postcards, with artwork by Frank Chesworth, were first published by the socialist newspaper The Clarion “just in time for Christmas” in 1904. The wording of the advert for them at that time isn’t very clear, but it seems that the series consisted of six different designs, each of the six designs being sold in packs containing six copies of the same design. At any rate, only six different designs are known to me via various sources (see illustrations), and I would be grateful if readers would let me know if they know of any others, as these six cards are numbered 21 to 26 inclusive, which is puzzling to say the least!
The Clarion did also issue a Songs of Shakespeare series, again by Chesworth, at the same time as the Omar cards, one of these being No.12, and a few years earlier they had published a series of socialist postcards, several by Walter Crane, though I have never seen any of these. So the numbers on the Omar cards may simply represent their place in the broader series of cards, on various subjects, published by the newspaper in the course of time. Again, if any reader can help with this, please let me know.
The Omar cards were advertised again at Christmas 1905, this time in conjunction with an Omar calendar, also by Chesworth. I have never seen this, and was unaware of it before I saw the advert in The Clarion. Does any reader have a copy, or at least, has any reader ever seen one ?
Finally, many of these cards were used as ordinary postcards, from 1904 onwards, and appear to have been in use for some years. The two cards I have (Nos. 22 & 24) bear a Leeds postmark of 1909, for example. One contact of mine has an example bearing a Leeds postmark of 1911, and another contact has a couple of examples bearing a Glasgow postmark of 1904. I’d be grateful if readers could let me know the postmark, places and dates on any of their cards, as it would be interesting to build up a picture of the extent of their usage.
The cards are not the best illustrations of The Rubaiyat on the market, it is true. This is a shame as Frank Chesworth was a talented book illustrator in black and white, though he seems never to have illustrated The Rubaiyat in book form. His illustrations for Robert Blatchford’s book for children, The Dolly Ballads (the 1907 edition, rather than the less adorned edition of 1911), for example, are wonderful.
Little seems to be known about Chesworth the man, though I do know that he died in Camberwell, London, in 1906, and so he didn’t live to see The Dolly Ballads actually published. Sadly, he was aged only 38 when he died. In due course, I intend to feature a write-up of him, his book illustration, and his Omarian associations with Robert Blatchford (the founder-editor of The Clarion) on my website, as it all makes for an interesting story. Meanwhile, I am still gathering information, so if anyone reading this knows anything about Chesworth’s life – or indeed, is curious to know in advance what I’ve managed to unearth already – please do get in touch.
Here is a note on another unusual Rubaiyat - sent to us by Bob Forrest, to whom many thanks. The content has relevance, inter alia, to 21st century discussions on religion and science. There is more information on Bob’s website – see the link at the end.
Walter E. Holloway’s Rubaiyat of Today, subtitled “For Thinkers and Dreamers”, was published in Los Angeles, in 1938. It looks forward to the establishment of a Utopian society of social equality to be achieved through the pursuit of Science and an adherence to Natural Law, and with the abolition of repressive artificial man-made institutions.
One of the repressive institutions to go, almost needless to say, is the Church, with its Priests. Here are verses 39-41 (there are 155 in all):In looking back across the fear-filled Span Of Time on Earth, since Man arose as Man, We see him moulding Gods Today the same As in old Asia where he first began. And everywhere the Priests have been aligned With Tyrants for the Plunder of Mankind: The King could not have bound the Hands of Man Had not the Priest put shackles on his Mind. Whenever War has ridden East or West, And Slaughter-lust has raged with savage Zest The Priests of some mad God with shuttered Eyes The bestial Carnival of Blood have blessed.
We need Scientists not Priests to build the New World, he tells us. Here is verse 98:The patient Man of Science found the Way, He banished Plagues that cursed the olden Day, Death-dealing Plagues that still would rage unchecked If Man depended on his Priests to pray.
On a less contentious front, here is one of Holloway’s nods to old Omar (verse 142):Dear Omar, could I share a Jug with you, I might not learn which is the False and True, But I should hear your Song, and that methinks, My failing Hope and Strength would soon renew.
For more details of this interesting little book, see the write-up on my website, in Appendix 12m (right at the end), at: http://bobforrestweb.co.uk/The_Rubaiyat/Appendices/app12.htm
Better still, get a copy of the book itself – it doesn’t seem to be particularly rare, just little known.
‘A Jug of Wine, A Loaf of Bread – and Thou; Isis, Iraq and the real Islamic caliphates’ is the title of a provocative piece by Tom Chivers, posted recently on The Telegraph blog. The article compares the ideas and philosophy of Khayyam and the history of the early Caliphate, with the views currently being promulgated by ISIS, the fundamentalist Sunni group fighting in Iraq and Syria. The author refers to an earlier post on this blog ‘The Caliph behind Khayyam’ (see http://omarkhayyamrubaiyat.wordpress.com/2012/11/06/the-caliph-behind-khayyam/).
The Telegraph blog item can be accessed on http://blogs.telegraph.co.uk/news/tomchiversscience/100278157/a-jug-of-wine-a-loaf-of-bread-and-thou-is-this-the-islamic-caliphate-isis-imagine/ It is worth a read.