Skip to content

‘Clarion’ series of Omar Khayyam postcards, illustrated by Frank Chesworth

August 25, 2014

Thanks to Bob Forrest for this note about another unusual aspect of Rubaiyat publishing.  Bob is also in need of further informationon this subject..  If you can help to answer any of his questions, set out below, please post a comment and/or contact Bob via his website http://bobforrestweb.co.uk/

Though it does not say so on the cards themselves, the (undated) “Clarion” series of Omar Khayyam postcards, with artwork by Frank Chesworth, were first published by the socialist newspaper The Clarion “just in time for Christmas” in 1904. The wording of the advert for them at that time isn’t very clear, but it seems that the series consisted of six different designs, each of the six designs being sold in packs containing six copies of the same design. At any rate, only six different designs are known to me via various sources (see illustrations), and I would be grateful if readers would let me know if they know of any others, as these six cards are numbered 21 to 26 inclusive, which is puzzling to say the least!

Contact SheetThe Clarion did also issue a Songs of Shakespeare series, again by Chesworth, at the same time as the Omar cards, one of these being No.12, and a few years earlier they had published a series of socialist postcards, several by Walter Crane, though I have never seen any of these. So the numbers on the Omar cards may simply represent their place in the broader series of cards, on various subjects, published by the newspaper in the course of time. Again, if any reader can help with this, please let me know.

The Omar cards were advertised again at Christmas 1905, this time in conjunction with an Omar calendar, also by Chesworth. I have never seen this, and was unaware of it before I saw the advert in The Clarion. Does any reader have a copy, or at least, has any reader ever seen one ?

Finally, many of these cards were used as ordinary postcards, from 1904 onwards, and appear to have been in use for some years. The two cards I have (Nos. 22 & 24) bear a Leeds postmark of 1909, for example. One contact of mine has an example bearing a Leeds postmark of 1911, and another contact has a couple of examples bearing a Glasgow postmark of 1904. I’d be grateful if readers could let me know the postmark, places and dates on any of their cards, as it would be interesting to build up a picture of the extent of their usage.

Clarion Omar no.22The cards are not the best illustrations of The Rubaiyat on the market, it is true. This is a shame as Frank Chesworth was a talented book illustrator in black and white, though he seems never to have illustrated The Rubaiyat in book form. His illustrations for Robert Blatchford’s book for children, The Dolly Ballads (the 1907 edition, rather than the less adorned edition of 1911), for example, are wonderful.

Little seems to be known about Chesworth the man, though I do know that he died in Camberwell, London, in 1906, and so he didn’t live to see The Dolly Ballads actually published. Sadly, he was aged only 38 when he died. In due course, I intend to feature a write-up of him, his book illustration, and his Omarian associations with Robert Blatchford (the founder-editor of The Clarion) on my website, as it all makes for an interesting story. Meanwhile, I am still gathering information, so if anyone reading this knows anything about Chesworth’s life – or indeed, is curious to know in advance what I’ve managed to unearth already – please do get in touch.

 

Rubaiyat of Today – For Thinkers and Dreamers

July 6, 2014

Here is a note on another unusual Rubaiyat - sent to us by Bob Forrest, to whom many thanks.  The content has relevance, inter alia, to 21st century discussions on religion and science.  There is more information on Bob’s website – see the link at the end.

Walter E. Holloway’s Rubaiyat of Today, subtitled “For Thinkers and Dreamers”, was published in Los Angeles, in 1938. It looks forward to the establishment of a Utopian society of social equality to be achieved through the pursuit of Science and an adherence to Natural Law, and with the abolition of repressive artificial man-made institutions.

One of the repressive institutions to go, almost needless to say, is the Church, with its Priests. Here are verses 39-41 (there are 155 in all):

hollowayROK0714In looking back across the fear-filled Span
Of Time on Earth, since Man arose as Man,
We see him moulding Gods Today the same
As in old Asia where he first began.
 
And everywhere the Priests have been aligned
With Tyrants for the Plunder of Mankind:
The King could not have bound the Hands of Man
Had not the Priest put shackles on his Mind.
 
Whenever War has ridden East or West,
And Slaughter-lust has raged with savage Zest
The Priests of some mad God with shuttered Eyes
The bestial Carnival of Blood have blessed.

 

We need Scientists not Priests to build the New World, he tells us. Here is verse 98:

The patient Man of Science found the Way,
He banished Plagues that cursed the olden Day,
Death-dealing Plagues that still would rage unchecked
If Man depended on his Priests to pray.

 

On a less contentious front, here is one of Holloway’s nods to old Omar (verse 142):

Dear Omar, could I share a Jug with you,
I might not learn which is the False and True,
But I should hear your Song, and that methinks,
My failing Hope and Strength would soon renew.

 

For more details of this interesting little book, see the write-up on my website, in Appendix 12m (right at the end), at: http://bobforrestweb.co.uk/The_Rubaiyat/Appendices/app12.htm

Better still, get a copy of the book itself – it doesn’t seem to be particularly rare, just little known.

Omar Khayyam and the Caliphate

July 2, 2014

jamestel2‘A Jug of Wine, A Loaf of Bread – and Thou; Isis, Iraq and the real Islamic caliphates’ is the title of a provocative piece by Tom Chivers, posted recently on The Telegraph blog.  The article compares the ideas and philosophy of Khayyam and the history of the early Caliphate, with the views currently being promulgated by ISIS, the fundamentalist Sunni group fighting in Iraq and Syria.  The author refers to an earlier post on this blog ‘The Caliph behind Khayyam’ (see http://omarkhayyamrubaiyat.wordpress.com/2012/11/06/the-caliph-behind-khayyam/).

The Telegraph blog item can be accessed on http://blogs.telegraph.co.uk/news/tomchiversscience/100278157/a-jug-of-wine-a-loaf-of-bread-and-thou-is-this-the-islamic-caliphate-isis-imagine/    It is worth a read.

 

The Isabel Hawxhurst Hall Rubaiyat

June 29, 2014

Bob Forrest has sent us this interesting contribution.  Please note his request for information at the end.

Fig.13One of my favourite – and one of the rarest – illustrated editions of The Rubayat is that published by the Alice Harriman Company of New York in 1911, and illustrated with charcoal-drawings by Isabel Hawxhurst Hall. The layout of the book, and indeed the style of the illustrations, clearly owes much to the more famous Vedder edition, and yet Hall’s illustrations are both skilled and fascinating in their own right. Though information about Harriman is quite readily available, there seems to be little available about Hall. This is a pity, as one of the few references to her that I have come across (an article entitled “Young Brooklyn Girl Wins Fame with Her Omar Illustrations”, published in the Pittsburgh Press, November 12, 1911) makes it clear that she was only 23 years old when she did her remarkable illustrations. I have been unable to find anything else illustrated by her, nor any reference to any subsequent career as an artist (her real passion was apparently oil-painting.)

Fig.10So, what became of her? There is a diary of hers preserved at the Brooklyn Historical Society, but I regret to say that, living in the UK, I have not yet been able to pop in and see it, so that I am hoping that someone reading this may already have done so, or live near enough to do so now – I would be more than happy to pay for photocopies / scans of it. Also, of course, I would be glad to hear from anyone who has managed to unearth any other information about this remarkable young artist.

For those interested:    The cited Pittsburgh Press article can be found online at:

http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1144&dat=19111112&id=_ RUbAAAAIBAJ&sjid=80gEAAAAIBAJ&pg=6605,3203692

The Hall diary at the Brooklyn Historical Society is referenced with a few details in:  http://dlib.nyu.edu/findingaids/html/bhs/arc_112_webb/dscref18.html

 

 

 

“A poem on a poem” – a key to the Rubaiyat

June 23, 2014

32bulv21220scfCharles Mugleston has sent us this poem about the Rubaiyat.  He has also provided the following comment on the raison d’etre  of the poem.

‘Time and again, I hear people say about The Ruba’iya’t “Yes, I read it a long time ago, but I didn’t understand it “  so – a Key !

In the poem we find the narrator saying  “There was a door to which I found no key…” then, later on with growing realization… “Of my Base Metal may be filed a key, that shall unlock the Door…” so, keys are useful – unless you forget them ! and I wished to provide a poem –  to provide a key to the poem to help people appreciate it for what it is – a Spiritual Classic of the First Order.

I hope the poem provides the first half turn – and it is up the reader with due reflection to turn it full circle…’

The Ruba’iya’t of Omar Khayya’m

(A poem on a poem)

 
Weaving mystical metaphors
Ideas Divine – Gods awaken
In this Soul of mine
 
Persian carpets of Light – Life – Love
Untying lies – fly through
Jewelled doors opening Paradise
 
Resonance NOW Realization,
Rolls Royce of reasoned
Words glide silently
 
As the Mind seeking finds
Itself – showering stars
Of Illumination
 
Above penetrates Below
so, Creation
Remembrance – JOY – Elevation

©By The Rt Revd Charles Mugleston

New musical setting of verses from FitzGerald’s Rubaiyat

June 5, 2014

Rautavaara_sep_2003_helsinkiThe Finnish composer, Einojuhani Rautavaara, has set to music a number of verses from Edward FitzGerald’s Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam.  Originally for baritone and orchestra, a version of the piece for voice and piano has also been completed.   This was performed recently by the famous baritone Gerald Finley with accompanist Julius Drake in a recital at the Wigmore Hall in London.  There is an extensive review of the performance on the following link:

http://www.operatoday.com/content/2014/06/gerald_finley_w.php.

and more information on:

http://musicfinland.fi/en/news/article/einojuhani-rautavaaras-rubaiyat-premiered-at-the-wigmore-hall

If anyone knows of a recording of this piece, please post a comment.  Thanks.

Rubaiyat on the Radio on Thursday 22nd May

May 20, 2014

27pal1102scf2BBC Radio 4 has a regular and lively discussion programme called In Our Time which goes out each week at 9.00 am on Thursdays.  It is chaired by broadcaster Melvyn Bragg;  he leads a panel of three experts, who are usually academics in the field being discussed.  This coming Thursday 22nd May, the subject to be discussed will be The Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam.  The experts joining in the programme will be Professor Charles Melville of the University of Cambridge, Professor Daniel Karlin of the University of Bristol, and Professor Kirstie Blair of the University of Stirling.

More information on the programme is available on http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b043xpkd.    If you can’t manage to listen at 9.00 am on Thursday, the programme will be available on the BBC I-player.  It should make interesting listening.

Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 86 other followers